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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 44-50

Impact of harmattan season on human health in Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

1 Department of Geography, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
2 Department of Geography, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ibrahim Sufiyan
Department of Geography, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/MTSM.MTSM_1_20

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Background: Once the year comes to end, around late November up to February, there prevails the dry cold wind originated from the Sahara Desert in North Africa toward the West African countries called Harmattan. The Harmattan season has adverse effects on human health and comfort. There is a wide spread of airborne diseases coupled with the dryness of human skin. Small children are mostly dehydrated. Aim and Objectives: This study focused on the impacts of the Harmattan season in Keffi town, Nasarawa state, Nigeria, on human health. Materials and Methods: The use of correlation and regression analysis is employed to analyse the data. It also involved the collection of data from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency. The field survey also confined about 100 respondents. Result: The results indicate a positive correlation between the Harmattan and its impact on human health, with about 0.64. The climate and anthropogenic factors are mostly the responsible factors influencing the high prevalence of Harmattan. Conclusion: Nevertheless, there is the good side of the Harmattan season, such as the lowering of environmental temperature and some crops enjoy the cold season.

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