• Users Online: 10
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 70-74

Reducing the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus in pregnant women with metabolic syndrome by dietary intervention during early pregnancy


Zengcheng Hospital of Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Xiao-Hua Wang
Zengcheng Hospital of Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou 511300
China
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mtsm.mtsm_19_21

Rights and Permissions

Objective: The study objective was to explore the clinical observation of reducing the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in pregnant women with metabolic syndrome (MS) by dietary intervention during early pregnancy. Methods: Singleton pregnant women who set early pregnancy filings and had regular prenatal care and delivery at Zengcheng Hospital of Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center of Guangdong Province from January 2020 to June 2021 were screened out according to the diagnostic criteria for MS promulgated by the International Diabetes Federation in 2005. Pregnant women meeting the diagnostic criteria for MS were randomly divided into the intervention group (n = 80) and the control group (n = 80). The changes in the indicators of MS (fasting plasma glucose [FPG], total cholesterol [TC], triglyceride [TG], high-density lipoprotein [HDL], low-density lipoprotein [LDL], systolic blood pressure [SBP], and diastolic blood pressure [DBP]) in early and late pregnancy were observed, and the incidence of GDM was analyzed. Results: There was no significant difference (P > 0.05) in TC, TG, FPG, LDL, HDL, SBP, or DBP of women in early pregnancy between the two groups. There was no significant difference (P > 0.05) in TC and TG of women in late pregnancy between the two groups. The FPG, LDL, SBP, and DBP of the intervention group were lower than those of the control group, and the HDL of the intervention group was higher than that of the control group, which showed a significant difference in the two groups (P < 0.05). The incidence of GDM in the intervention group was lower than those of the control group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Pregnant women with MS before their pregnancy were at a high risk of GDM. Diet and exercise interventions in early pregnancy could improve the indicators of their blood metabolism and lipid metabolism, which could effectively reduce the incidence of GDM and thus improve the adverse pregnancy outcome and ensure the safety of the mothers and the infants.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed361    
    Printed10    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded66    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal